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In scripture, there are actually four concepts that the word "earth" can refer to:

Physically

1.  Earth can refer to the planet we live on (Genesis 1:1 - Hebrew 'erets; Greek - ge).
2.  Earth can refer to the land or dirt (Genesis 1:10 - Hebrew 'erets; Greek - ge).
3.  Earth can refer to the geographic boundaries of a kingdom or nation (Matthew 24:14 - Hebrew - tebel; Greek - oikoumene).

Metaphorically

4.  Earth can refer to the people ruled by a king.  As the sun, moon, and stars rule, the people they rule are the earth, the thing they are "above".  (Isaiah 1:2, 10)