In scripture, there are actually four concepts that the word "heaven" can refer to:
- 1. Heaven can refer to outerspace (Genesis 1:1).
- 2. Heaven can refer to the sky (Genesis 1:8).
- 3. Heaven can refer to the throne of God, the place where God is said to rule from (first mentioned in - 1 Kings 8:27-30)
- 4. The sphere of government influence, the seat of authority for a nation or nations, almost always the rulers of Israel.