Jeremiah 27 Edit
Jeremiah prophecies the reign of Nebuchadnezzar and Babylon over all the surrounding nations; the taking of all of the vessels of the temple to Babylon; and the complete overthrow of any nation that resists the great king (Daniel's head of gold).
And it shall come to pass, that the nation and kingdom which will not serve the same Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, and that will not put their neck under the yoke of the king of Babylon, that nation will I punish, saith the LORD, with the sword, and with the famine, and with the pestilence, until I have consumed them by his hand.
Note here that war, famine, and pestilence are again used as instruments against nations who oppose the will of God, specifically Babylon against Judah. We will see this image again in Rev. 6 but with Rome used as a tool against Judah instead of Babylon.
Jeremiah 28 Edit
Jeremiah and Hananiah prophesy conflicting messages. Hananiah is one of the lying prophets Jeremiah warned of in chapter 27. Hananiah dies that same year for his lies and for trying to get Judah to rebel against the will of God.
Jeremiah 29 Edit
A message is sent to the captives in Babylon that God will leave them in slavery for 70 years (just like Daniel prophesied) then bring them home to Jerusalem. In that time, they are to submit to Nebuchadnezzar as king (without violating God's Law), they are to reproduce (to preserve the purpose of the Jews which was to fulfill the promise to Abraham and bring the Messiah), and to refuse to hearken unto false prophets.
Other false prophets arrive and God deals with them in a similar manner to Hananiah.
Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Behold, I will send upon them the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, and will make them like vile figs, that cannot be eaten, they are so evil. And I will persecute them with the sword, with the famine, and with the pestilence, and will deliver them to be removed to all the kingdoms of the earth, to be a curse, and an astonishment, and an hissing, and a reproach, among all the nations whither I have driven them:
Jeremiah 30 Edit
Jerusalem will be restored and the Jews will not be utterly ended this time in spite of their continual wickedness. Again note that Jerusalem is referred to as "Zion".
Jeremiah 31 Edit
Jerusalem is referred to again as a virgin (unspoiled) when the Jews are returned out of captivity. There will be rejoicing and God will bless them once more.
In verse 10 there is a reference to "the isles afar off" which again is a reference to the Gentiles not allowed to be part of God's chosen people under the Old Covenant.
This chapter also contains several references to the coming of the New Testament:
A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping; Rahel weeping for her children refused to be comforted for her children, because they were not.
Quoted in Matt. 2:18 when Herod killed all infants 2 and under trying to kill Christ. This is a juxtaposition of Pharoah killing all of the infants of Israel and missing Moses, who was a type of Christ. The Jews then are set up as the persecutors of the coming New Jerusalem/Israel.
We also have use of the term "Ephraim" a representative tribe of Israel used to refer to the Jews (remember, the northern 10 tribes including the physical tribe of Ephraim have already gone into Assyrian captivity never to return so physical Ephraim no longer truly exists). Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea, and Zechariah all use the term Ephraim to represent the Jews and many times this is done during prophecies of their final judgment.
This is a specific prophecy of the coming of the New Covenant, of the setting up of a new order of things. Note the apocalyptic use of the terms: sun, moon, stars, heaven, earth (vs. 35-36). When the ordinances (the patterns or order of) the sun, moon, and stars cease Israel will end. This can be nothing other than the fall of Jerusalem and the fall of the Jewish rulers from power. The coming of the New Covenant (vs. 31-34) would herald the end of OT Judaism.
Jeremiah 32 Edit
Jeremiah is imprisoned by King Zedekiah and while there purchases a property according to Jewish law to show that after the captivity, the land will again be returned to the Jews.
Verses 24 and 36 reiterate the war, famine, and pestilence judgment against Judah by Babylon.
Jeremiah 33 Edit
God promises to return the Jews out of captivity to the land promised to Abraham in order to fulfill the promise to Abraham of the coming Messiah. God reiterates the promise to King David of the coming Messiah (Branch of righteousness) to rule as King on David's throne (see previous posts and Acts 2:30) and to serve as high priest so that there would never be want for a king or sacrifices ever again. Christ serves now as both King and High Priest over the church.
Jeremiah 34 Edit
Zedekiah is told he will not die violently when Jerusalem falls to Babylon. War, pestilence, and famine are again used to speak of judgment against Jerusalem.
Jeremiah 35 Edit
God sets up the family of Jonadab as a good example to Judah of obedience and of keeping promises.
Jeremiah 36 Edit
Jeremiah writes of the coming destruction of Jerusalem but King Jehoiakim denies the Word of God and tries to burn the writing. Jeremiah writes it down again and promises that Jehoiakim would be cursed for his actions.
Jeremiah 37 Edit
Jeremiah is thrown in prison again for prophecying against Jerusalem. King Zedekiah spares Jeremiah from death and makes sure he has food to live on while in prison. Coniah, the son of King Jehoiakim is not the ruler.
Jeremiah 38 Edit
Jeremiah is thrown into a nasty dungeon against King Zedekiah's wishes. When the king hears about it, he has Jeremiah rescued and brought to him. Jeremiah speaks of the imminent fall of Jerusalem and begs Zedekiah to obey the Word of God and leave the city, which will be burned. Jeremiah is in the city when it is taken. More war, pestilence, and famine.
Jeremiah 39 Edit
Jerusalem falls to Nebuchadnezzar and all the Word of God concerning Zedekiah and the city are fulfilled. Only the poor are left in Jerusalem and Judah. Jeremiah prophecies to an Ethiopian man that because he did God's will, he would not die at the hands of those who sought his life.
In Truth and Love.
Jeremiah Part 3/4